The presence of a developed and dynamic innovation ecosystem is an indispensable characteristic of any given global city. Indeed globalisation has changed the name of the game for what concerns innovation and competition: the reference are no longer the national borders but regions and cities. Furthermore the strong acceleration of change driven by digital transformation opens spaces of opportunity for new businesses that apply new scientific and technological expertise. Developing a fertile environment for innovation demands a broad strategic approach across the whole value chain: from enabling input factors, that is R&D expenditure, European funds and researchers, to the main actors that trigger research and innovation initiatives, meaning universities, firms and innovative startups, to the output in terms of business innovation and intellectual property (patents, trademarks and industrial design).
- Attractiveness and Reputation